- There are three types of aged care which range from the ability to live independently or in supplemented accomodation
- If your relative wants to apply for Government subsidies, they must be assessed by a member of the Aged Care Assessment Team (ACAT)
- You may be required to pay fees in a Government subsidised aged care home, so it's important to work out the costs.
While there is a strong preference among older Australians to live at home for as long as they can manage1, there may come a time when safety and health needs can no longer be met.
Making the decision to move your loved one into an aged care home doesn’t come easy though— there’s a raft of emotional issues, in addition to financial considerations.
In this article we look at the different types of aged care available and the process required to move into an aged care home.
Types of aged care
There are three main types of aged care.
Help at home: if your relative prefers to live independently, they can receive care at their home (or a retirement village) when needed. This may include help with personal care needs such as showering and cooking meals, medical care, or other domestic support, such as home maintenance.
Short term care: may be required after a hospital stay or if the regular carer is taking a holiday
Aged care home: supplemented accommodation with 24-hour care available. Can be short term or permanent.
Seek help from a professional
If you value the experience of experts in other aspects of your life, don't discount it when it comes to managing your loved one’s future.
A financial adviser can help you identify ways to pay for the accommodation and potentially reduce fees.
They can also help with maximising government subsidies and planning for any tax and estate planning implications. This is particularly important if your relative owns their home, is receiving a pension income and has investment assets.
Moving into an aged care home
If your relative decides moving into an aged care home is the right move. There are steps required to get the process in motion.
1. Have their needs assessed
To be eligible for Government subsidies, a person must be assessed by a member of the Aged Care Assessment Team (ACAT). This assessment is free and can be done at home, a health centre or hospital.
The ACAT member will ask them a series of questions about their health, mobility and any help that they currently receive at home, to determine whether residential aged care is required based on their needs
2. Finding an aged care home
Once ACAT approval is received, you can start looking for relevant accommodation. When evaluating aged care home options, it’s worth contacting a selection of providers to get a better comparison.
If you’re unsure about the facilities and rooms available in a particular area, you can find out more information by visiting myagedcare.gov.au.
It may be beneficial to have a list of questions prepared to ensure you receive the information you need.
These questions may include:
- What kinds of recreational activities are offered?
- Are the available rooms shared or single rooms, and is there a private ensuite?
- What types of other services are regularly provided (such as physio or hairdressing services for example)
- What food and beverage options are available?
- Will your relative have access to a phone, internet or mobile phone to contact you?
- Ask to see a brief report of the Health and Safety report. This is a good indicator with regards to, not only incidents that have taken place, but also incidents against residents and incidents of residents against staff.
Understanding your rights and responsibilities as well as those of the service provider will help you make an informed decision and get the best quality care to suit your relative’s needs.
3. Work out the costs
There are a number of fees that may be payable in a Government subsidised aged care home. Some of these fees are fixed and others depend on your relative’s financial circumstances. Government subsidies may also be available.
Here’s a general summary of what your relative could be liable for:
|Accommodation fees||Ongoing care fees|
|Accommodation payment||Basic daily fee||Means-tested fee||Extra services fee|
4. Apply for an aged home
Generally, multiple applications can be submitted when applying for an aged care home and you may have the ability to be placed on a waiting list.
You will be asked if you want to provide details of your relative’s income and assets but you are not legally required to disclose this.
5. Moving your relative in
Just before they move in, you’ll be provided with an Accommodation Agreement. This is a legal document which sets out the terms of the residency as well as rights and responsibilities for your relative and for the aged care facility. You may want to consider seeking legal advice before signing it.
When your relative does move into an aged care home, don’t forget to notify Services Australia (Centrelink) about their new living situation and any other change in circumstances (e.g. sale of their home, assets used to pay lump sum costs).
Important information and disclaimer
This article has been prepared by NULIS Nominees (Australia) Limited ABN 80 008 515 633 AFSL 236465 (NULIS) as trustee of the MLC Super Fund ABN 70 732 426 024. The information in this article is current as at May 2021 and may be subject to change. This information may constitute general advice. The information in this article is factual in nature and does not take into account personal objectives, financial situation or needs. You should consider obtaining independent advice before making any financial decisions based on this information. You should not rely on this article to determine your personal tax obligations. Please consult a registered tax agent for this purpose. Opinions constitute our judgement at the time of issue. In some cases information has been provided to us by third parties and while that information is believed to be accurate and reliable, its accuracy is not guaranteed in any way. Subject to terms implied by law and which cannot be excluded, NULIS does not accept responsibility for any loss or liability incurred by you in respect of any error, omission or misrepresentation in the information in this communication. Past performance is not a reliable indicator of future performance. The value of an investment may rise or fall with the changes in the market.